I finished it a couple of weeks ago. Reality Hunger: A Manifesto by David Shields is a fascinating read most of the time. Some quotations are simply better than others. I have my favorites. Hemingway gets quoted for his: “The most essential gift for a good writer is a built-in, shock-proof shit detector.”
What might Ernest have meant by that? Did he mean that a writer should be writing what he/she knows? Writing from reality? David Shields seems to think so. He puts this quote in the chapter called ‘Reality.’ But I don’t know. I think the inclusion of this quote is a weak pin in the framework of Reality Hunger. I don’t think Hemingway had any concern whatsoever with reality. I don’t think Hemingway’s ‘shit’ equals ‘fiction’ or ‘made-up.’ I think Hemingway’s ‘shit’ equals shit. My shit-detector is going off and it’s pointing in Mr. Shields’ direction.
His book pinpoints the weakness of fictional form in today’s reality-obsessed culture. The more real we get in our art, the more real our art will be. We see it all around us, this fixation on reality shows and data and news and of-the-moment information. We want people to write memoirs more than we want them to write fantasies with fictional characters running around dragging us through the usual plot structures of the worn-out novel form.
I’d believe David Shields if he’d tell more lies. His book is a big collection of quotations from writers, artists, philosophers, academics, photographers, and filmmakers through history. The quotations lead us ever closer to the general idea that the observation and reporting of reality in and of itself creates all the fiction we really need. The pulling together of various shards and bits of reality and observation build art and culture. To hold a memoir writer hostage to absolute truth is futile and ridiculous because the writer’s job is simply to write.
But I think I’d prefer the book if, having read it to the end and found the appendix with all the sources of the book’s quotations listed, I then could go on to discover that every single one of the quotations was in fact… fake.
The book should have been an absolutely made-up total fake because that would be really real.
I haven’t finished it yet. But Reality Hunger: A Manifesto by David Shields is making me forget to eat my food. That’s how good it is. I’m sitting there in my local restaurants trying my best to finish my Pasta Siciliana, but I’m staring at my Kindle screen and almost jumping out of my chair with ideas. That’s what this book is for. It was written to light a fire underneath the bottom of an artist.
Don’t be afraid of stealing. Just do it.
David Shields is a thief and he’s the happiest most energetic thief you’ll ever meet between to covers. All art is theft. We build all our original creations on top of other creations. We consume and then we spit the pieces back out in exploding new arrangements. We appropriate all the time when we incorporate bits of newsprint into paintings, or street sounds into symphonies, or quotes into novels.
Novels. What are they and what do they really do? Do we need or want novels anymore? Fiction? Or do we want the more real? Are we craving more and more reality? It’s on TV everywhere. Can the old form of the novel that describes scenes so well and gets into the characters’ heads really compete with all the new forms coming to life that are built primarily upon reality?
What is reality? Whose reality? Isn’t one’s perception of a simple street scene actually fiction once it passes through the subjective filter? Isn’t everything ultimately fiction?
Shields’s book is composed of many fragments mostly snatched from other people throughout history. Shields leaves his own remarks unannounced until the back of the book where he finally credits his sources. The point is to connect thoughts from all over the world through many ages to gradually build up a central argument or ‘manifesto’ for a modern art or literature that eliminates the guilt from borrowing or ‘stealing.’ The ideas are obviously not all new, otherwise there would be no fragments to put in the book. But the expression of the ideas in this way is new. Reality Hunger is a jolt and it will offend as many or more people than it inspires.
Several years ago Bob Dylan got into hot water for using a phrase from a relatively unknown novel. Sure enough, Dylan’s phrase did match the novelist’s. Outrage ensued. When the novelist was asked about his feelings he stated that if Bob Dylan wanted to use one of his phrases he was simply honored.
This book is very timely in a world where people are getting into lawsuits because some artist’s sculpture appears in a street photo. We’ve been waiting for this book. Fortunately, Mr. Shields is as excited about this book as his readers are – those who aren’t outraged anyway. He comes off as a very energetic and enthusiastic partner to the artist. I admire this book a great deal and will most likely be referring to bits and pieces of it for many years – and stealing them.